Leather in general



Leather furniture is a good investment that is worth taking care of. This product information guide describes the qualities of real leather and how to care for it properly.

Oxhide is used for most leather furniture and it undergoes various treatments before it is suitable for
furniture production. The raw hides are salted and delivered to the tannery, where they are first softened, clean-ed of salt and any blood, shaved clean and purged of water. Then the hides are divided into grain leather and split leather. The split leather is used for suede products, while the grain leather is used, among other things, for furniture. Later in the treatment, the grain leather will be dyed as one of the processes. In the past a toxic substance called aniline was used in this process. Hence the name aniline leather.

The hides are dyed, tanned and softened in one process. Then they are dried, receive a final softening and finally, a surface treatment. It is mainly this surface treatment that decides the final qualities of the leather and how it subsequently must be maintained.




Leather is a natural product. Be aware that the influences the leather has been exposed to during the lifetime of the animal will also leave their mark on the finished furniture leather. This may include such incidents as wounds, scratches, insect bites or illness. It is also natural that the leather changes colour over time.


Aniline leather (also called natural leather) is dyed throughout and has undergone a rather minor surface treatment so it can resist dirt. The skin breathes and is therefore very susceptible to stains. Furniture from aniline leather is very attractive and comfortable and with the years takes on a great patina, if it is cared for correctly. Aniline leather preserves its natural structure and insect bites in the leather are clearly visible. Aniline leather can discharge excess dye and rub off on clothes. Game hide is treated in the same way as aniline leather, but is not dyed. These types of leather are very sensitive to light.


Some tanneries combine oil with wax in the treatment of aniline leather in order to protect it better against dirt and stains. This can give the furniture a slightly greasy surface. The leather is - just as aniline leather - very soft and pliant.

Which CAVO product should I use?

CAVO Mild is specially designed for the above mentioned leather types. CAVO Mild preserves the surface treatment of the leather and/or the oil tanning, and at the same time, revitalise the leather and clean and nourish it. CAVO Mild removes dirt and stains etc. Do not use other kinds of care products, since these may leave discolorating stains. The natural nutrients in CAVO Mild extend the lifetime of the leather.


Semi-aniline leather is dyed through-out and therefore gets a subtle tone of colouring pigments and a light surface treatment, which helps protect the leather against stains and dirt, and also means that it is easier to clean. It does not get the same patina as aniline leather, but it is also soft and preserves the original structure of the leather.


Leather foto 1



The top-coated leather is also tanned and dyed throughout, but has under-gone a more vigorous dye and sur-face treatment, as well as having received a protective coating of clear varnish. It makes the leather stiffer and it does not have the same natural surface structure (grain) as aniline and semi-aniline leather. On the other hand, it is easier to clean and maintain. Top-coated leather furniture has the drawback that with frequent use over the years the surface treatment may exfoliate and the leather will begin to look very ”used”.

Which CAVO product should I use?

CAVO-Ox granulat or CAVO Original is specially developed for revitalising the leather, cleaning it and nourish-ing it. Both care products remove dirt and stains from water, coffee, red wine, grease and the like. It is important that the leather is treated seve-ral times a year with CAVO products. This prevents the leather from drying out and makes it living and soft. The natural nutrients in CAVO-OX granulat and CAVO Original extend the lifetime of the leather.

BY CAST LEATHER (Oil Pull-up, Creta, Kansas Oleosa etc.)

This new type of furniture leather is known from the fashion and shoe industry and consists of a pressed split to which a layer of polyurethane has been added. The polyurethane treatment makes the leather stronger and more light-resistant. The leather can still breathe through the polyurethane surface, so nutrients can still be absorbed into the leather. The polyurethane itself must also be maintained, in order to preserve its elasticity and pliancy and avoid cracking.

BY CAST LEATHER (Oil Pull-up, Creta, KansasOleosa etc.)
Which CAVO product should I use?

CAVO By Cast is specially designed for By Cast leather and preserves the pliancy and elasticity of the polyurethane, as well as revitalising, cleaning and nourishing the leather. The natural nutrients in CAVO By Cast also extend the lifetime of the leather.


CAVO Balsam is specially designed for all the types of smooth leather mentioned above (it may not be used on nubuck and suede) to make them soft and pliant and bring out their colours, as well as impregnating them to some degree. CAVO Balsam con-tains a UV Filter which protects the leather from fast colour fading. CAVO Balsam is recommended for new furniture before it is used and for ”used” furniture after it has been cleaned.


Nubuck is Aniline leather with a polished surface which has otherwise undergone the same process asaniline leather. Suede is made from split leather, which is not as strong as the grain leather, and is therefore not used much in furniture. The porous surface disappears over time in the most exposed places, such as the armrest, seat and the neck rest, and may come to resemble smooth leather once the ”pile” has been worn down.

Which CAVO product should I use?

CAVO Impregnant-spray for leather and CAVO Nubuck Cleaner are spe-cially designed for caring for leather and suede. The impregnation makes the leather resistant to dirt and stains, and is specially developed for protec-tion and impregnation. The treatment provides a repellent surface that repels all liquids, as well as dirt and grease. CAVO Impregnant-spray can be recommended for new furniture before it is used and for ”used” furniture after it has been cleaned. Nubuck Cleaner consists of a sponge and an ”eraser”. The eraser is for remedying stains and the sponge is for scrubbing up the leather to preserve the porous surface. Nubuck leather and suede work like a sponge. There are no products available to care for and maintain these types of leather, since it would be absorbed and the leather will become greasy and discoloured. In the case of stains it is possible with great care to spot-clean them using CAVO OX granulat or CAVO Original.



Textile covers many different materials such a Alcantara, wool, linen, cotton and synthetic fibres (polyester, nylon etc.). Most textiles are quite durable, but printed textiles are less so and are generally very light-sensitive. Be careful when washing the furniture upholstery. Even if it can be removed, there is no certainty that it can be washed. If there is no care label, then ask the manufacturer for advice before you wash or dry-clean the furniture upholstery.

Which CAVO product should I use?

CAVO Textile Spray is specially designed for protection and impreg-nation of textile furniture. The treatment provides a repellent surface that repels all liquids, as well as dirt and grease. CAVO Textile Spray can be recommended for new furniture before it is used and for used furniture after it has been cleaned. In the case of stains, an attempt should be made to immediately absorb the stain with a piece of kitchen roll. Always use demineralised water for spotcleaning in order to avoid calcium residue. Normal cleaning of textile furniture shold be done using a vacuum cleaner or spotcleaning with great care.


How furniture wears varies greatly from one home to another. If there are children, dogs or cats in the home the furniture will typically suffer more wear than in a home with a single pensioner without pets. Pets and active children place greater demands on maintenance and cleaning. Meals taken on the sofa in front of the TV can result in unfor-tunate grease spots. Even small, salted peanuts or popcorn can produce obvious grease spots, regardless of whether the furniture in question is leather furniture or textile furniture. Leather and textile furniture lasts longer if it is not exposed to direct sunlight or is positioned right by the radiator or other sources of heat. All furniture is affected by sunlight and even the most colourfast furniture can fade. A lot may be done to re-duce the harmful effect of the light by shielding the furniture against direct sunlight, using for example blinds or curtains.

It is important to maintain and care for both leather and textile furniture correctly. It will last longer and retain an attractive surface. When the furniture is being treated, it is always a good idea to first treat a small area that is non-visible. Once you have established that the treatment is not having undesirable consequences you can treat the entire piece of furniture.

Never use chemical cleaning agents or detergents designed for domestic use on leather and textile furniture.

We advise against the use of leather polish or dubbin.

If the surface is worn or damaged leather polish or dubbin may result in stains or discolouration.